Gaspee apush

Rhode Island colonists boarded the HMS Gaspee, a British ship, looted it, then burned and sank it in 1772. Sugar Act 1764. APUSH - Week 3 Vocab 32 Terms. msowe101. APUSH 1763-1775 27 Terms. elledarby. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. MUH 4110 Exam 3 42 Terms. cjw496. MUH 4110 Exam 2 49 Terms The Gaspee Affair. The Sons of Liberty were very active throughout the colonies, and the British officers charged with enforcing the customs laws and the Stamp Act were becoming aggressive. In June of 1772, a dramatic event was to demonstrate the severity of the crisis. A Lieutenant William Duddington, of Her Majesty's Ship Gaspee, was charged. Gaspee. Affair. The repeal of the Townshend duties in the Spring of 1770 did much to soothe strained relations between the American colonies and the mother country. For the next three years a surface harmony prevailed, but several incidents occurred that served to indicate not all was well. One such event occurred in Rhode Island where local.

In 1770, a group of Boston colonists began throwing rocks and snowballs at British soldiers; scuffling ensued and the panicking soldiers fired, killing five people; dramatized by resistance leaders. Gaspee Affair. Rhode Island colonists boarded the HMS Gaspee, a British ship, looted it, then burned and sank it in 1772 The Gaspee was an English revenue cutter, preventing smuggling and collecting import taxes from ships entering Rhode Island ports. When the Gaspee went aground, Rhode Island leaders planned an attack. More than a hundred men rowed out in ten large boats, and attacked the Gaspee. Joseph Bucklin was among the attackers

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  1. AP US History: Boston Massacre (1770) - An incident in which British soldiers fired into a crowd of colonists who were teasing and taunting them; five colonists were killed. Historical Significance: - Boston's radicals used to incident to wage an Anti-British propaganda war. Gaspee Affair (1772) - Incident in which members of the Sons of Liberty attacked, boarded, looted, & torched a.
  2. Left: Burning of the Gaspee by Howard Pyle (1853-1911) from Harpers New Monthly Magazine, No 399, August 1883. Kellogg Library. (colorized c2013, Gaspee Days Committee) The British had sent HMS Gaspee into Narragansett Bay to enforce maritime trade laws. Rhode Island citizens had long avoided such regulation by simply smuggling their shipped.
  3. ee of his own Progressive Party in 1924, carrying Wisconsin and 17% of the national popular vote
  4. Start studying APUSH 1763-1775. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools

Burning of the Gaspee, (June 10, 1772), in U.S. colonial history, act of open civil defiance of British authority when Rhode Islanders boarded and sank the revenue cutter Gaspee in Narragansett Bay.Headed by a leading merchant, John Brown, eight boatloads of armed reputable citizens overpowered the crew of the Gaspee, which had run aground in pursuit of a smuggling vessel, disabled its. Chapter. 1-6 Apush: Salvation Army, Town Meetings, Gaspee Affair. Rich societies mainly fishing, small game, and gathering, large irrigation systems, lots of culture, in chaco canyons where adobe houses called pueblos. Two major changes, commerce and nationalism, a century later after black death the population rebouned along with property. The Gaspee Affair was a significant event in the lead-up to the American Revolution.HMS Gaspee was a British customs schooner that had been enforcing the Navigation Acts in and around Newport, Rhode Island in 1772. It ran aground in shallow water while chasing the packet ship Hannah on June 9 near Gaspee Point in Warwick, Rhode Island.A group of men led by Abraham Whipple and John Brown.

The colonists, who disliked with the anti-smuggling operations of the British, sunk the HMS Gaspee in an event known as the Gaspee Affair. Through the Gaspee Affair, the colonists showed their resentment towards the British soldiers and brought the revolution. Show More. Related. American Pageant Chapter 4 Apush 415 Words | 2 Pages A Compromise Repudiated Gaspee Incident Google please The Gaspee Incident was a from APUSH 11 at Lakewood High School, Lakewoo These APUSH flashcards are perfect for ensuring that you have enough understanding of the law that caused a major uproar with the American colonists as it called for a tax paid on every printed paper that one used. Check it out and ensure you try the quizzes after that to gauge your understanding. Gaspee Affair/Incident In June, 1772,. apush&period&3¬es&page&4of&26& ii.from&resistance&to&rebellion&-&colonial&responses&to&british&policies& a.&debt&and&taxation&following&the&french&and&indian&war. APUSH Cheat Sheet Period 3: 1754- 1800-American Independence movement, American Revolution, creation of constitution and natural culture, westward migration Key Concept 3.1: British attempts to assert tighter control over its North American colonies and the colonial resolve to pursue self-government led to a colonial independence movement and the Revolutionary war

Smuggling. Artist unkown. Rhode Island Colonists led by John Brown burn the British revenue cutter Gaspee. The British had an empire to run. The prevailing economic philosophy of seventeenth and eighteenth century empires was called mercantilism. In this system, the colonies existed to enrich the mother country APUSH unit 2 terms 1763-1789. Terms : Hide Images. 474075540. Articles of Confederation. America's first attempt at organized government was the ill-conceived Articles of Confederation. This government gave the new states too much power and was insufficient as a means of governing a nation. The Articles were adopted in 1776, and ratified by. APUSH Period 3 DRAFT. 9th - 12th grade. 37 times. History. 37% average accuracy. a year ago. 221337_17102. 0. Save. Edit. Edit. APUSH Period 3 DRAFT. a year ago. by 221337_17102. The Gaspee incident. Tags: Question 2 . SURVEY . 60 seconds . Q. British frustration with the American colonies during the French and Indian cited all of the. What happened on June 10, 1772 became one of the most significant events that provoked the start of the American Revolution. The Gaspée Affair is the incident when a group of the Sons of Liberty burned down the HMS Gaspée, one of the schooners of the British Empire.What reason had led the notorious faction to carry out this act Definition. 1765, tax on stamps which were required on most printed papers in the colonies (legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, advertisments), first direct tax (collected from those who use goods) in the colonies. Term. Olive Branch Petition. Definition

The Gaspee ship caught these smugglers, so colonists hated the ship and its captain. B) Frustrated by their inability to trade with whoever they pleased, colonists ran the ship aground (pulled it out of the water) in Massachusetts and lit it on fire, destroying it The Committees of Correspondence was a principal device for spreading this idea. This was a British customs ship that had successfully been catching a number of smugglers in the colonies. However, when the ship ran aground on Rhode Island in 1772, colonists disguised as Native Americans took this opportunity and destroyed the vessel by setting.

The Gaspee Affair - US Histor

  1. In this June 2015 photo, spectators watch the annual ceremonial burning of a replica of the ship HMS Gaspee in Warwick, Rhode Island. Gaspee Days Committee via AP By JENNIFER McDERMOTT, Associated.
  2. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Gaspé, QC. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit
  3. In what way does the Gaspee incident illustrate the overall turning point of from PSYCHOLOGY 101 at Cypress Creek High Schoo
  4. c. track down the persons responsible for burning the Gaspee d. seize war supplies and capture key colonial leaders 6. Throughout the Revolution, the Continental Army was plagued with all of the following except: a. desertions and expiring enlistments b. lack of training and discipline c. inadequate pa
  5. Gaspee Incident: Sons of Liberty attacked a British ship in 1772, set it on fire. Lexington and Concord: beginning of the Revolutionary War. British soldiers marched to Concord from Boston, while Paul Revere sounded alarm. Fighting began in Lexington, and it ended in British Red Coats retreating
  6. Gaspee Incident Great Awakening, resentment against British military officers and corruption of royal bureaucrats; Baptist revivals challenging Anglican authority in Virginia; Parson's Cause Grenville, George Hancock, John: smuggling, Declaration of Independence . AP.
  7. Study Flashcards On Chapter 4 Apush key Terms at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! What- The boarding and sinking g of the British navy vessel Gaspee. When- June 9, 1772 Significance- Brought about the Coercive Acts

d. The Gaspee Affair of 1772 e. The Proclamation Act of 1763. Scroll down for the answer! Disclaimer: This question is just for testing your knowledge of AP US History it is not intended to be a sample question from the AP US History Exam! That's what APUSH practice tests are for. Continue readin Barron's AP United States History. This is the best comprehensive study tool currently on the market for AP United States History. Complete with study guides and even online practice exams, this Barron's guide is the place to start if you want an all-inclusive guide to this AP exam Chapter 5 Vocab. Administration of JUSTICE Act. Allowed royal officials accused of crimes to be tried in England. Albany Plan of Union (1754) Benjamin Franklin formed this inter-colonial government, system for troops, and taxes. Boston Massacre (1770) Colonists harassed Guards, and the guards killed 5 people. Boston Tea Party (1773 APUSH PER. 1 (1491-1607) I. CONQUISTADORS AND THE BLACK LEGEND Pangea: supercontinent Drifted apart over time Proof=identical species across continents Formation of America: Appalachians Rockies Ice Age→Glaciers covered Canada to Ohio People: Beringia land bridge asiatic people followed food o.. HISTORY 100 APUSH Study Guide APUSH Study Guide Period 2 1607-1754 • 3 different colonies English: o Corporate: operated by joint-stock companies Jamestown o Royal: under direct authority of king's government Virginia after 1624 o Proprietary: under authority of individuals granted charts of ownership by king Maryland + Pennsylvania • English brought.

Even though most Americans would be considered moderates at the time, the radical patriots were the ones making things happen. 5. The culmination of the patriot's activities came at Lexington and Concord, when the American Revolution began. Audio of Chapter 7 on iTunes! Lectures Chapters 10, 11, 12, and 13 will help you Gaspee Affair British officials become much more aggressive in enforcing taxes and acts of dominance over the colonies. In Rhode Island, a British customs ship called the Gaspee got stuck, so colonists took the opportunity to ransack and burn it AP US History Terms for All Units. Remember, Terms are due to your team members and will need to be submitted to Google Classroom TWO DAYS prior to a quiz/test! Everyone needs a fair chance to study the terms. All members of the group must work on the document that will be submitted. The document's edit history will be used to determine who. The Gaspee Affair was a huge British Navy ship that was burned. The Gaspee Affair was very important. It was another reason why the American Revolution started. The Affair was also known as America's first blow for Freedom.. The Gaspee Affair began when the Gaspee ship was chasing a merchant ship that was smuggling goods APUSH Review. Historical Research and Writing. Sociology. Assignments. Book Review. Crime and Deviance. Culture. Gender. Intro to Sociological Perspectives. Race and Ethnicity. Social Class and Stratification. Social Institutions. Gaspee Incident. Coersive Acts (Intolerable Acts) Boston Port Bill

the Gaspee incident. Question 27. Question. The Boston Tea Party had which of the following causes? Answer. APUSH End-of-Year Cram Exam: Set 2. Nathaniel Rodriguez. APUSH Period 1 (1491-1607) saidinh. Virginia Settlement. fitzsik194. APUSH TERMS CH. 1 & 2. ellieschneider8. DBQ Guidelines The First Continental Congress was a meeting of delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies that met on September 5 to October 26, 1774 at Carpenters' Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, early in the American Revolution. gaspee affair. In June of 1772, a dramatic event was to demonstrate the severity of the crisis George Grenville's Program, 1763-1765. Writs of Assistance - 1761. Proclamation Line - 1763. Sugar Act - 1764. Currency Act - 1764. Quartering Act - 176 Definition. Agreed to by delegates from Suffolk county, Massachusetts, and approved by the First Continental Congress on October 8, 1774. Nullified the Coercive Acts, closed royal courts, ordered taxes to be paid to colonial governments instead of the royal government, and prepared local militias. Term

Gaspee Affair - Introduction to U-S-History

APUSH - 4-5. Home » Flashcards » APUSH - 4-5. Flashcards. Your page rank: Total word count: 2293. Pages: 8. to the creation of a Committee of Correspondence Samuel Adams was the leader of the Boston radicals and used the Gaspee incident in 1772, where Rhode Islanders burned a ship to stir trouble. Parliament passed the Tea Act in 1773. APUSH Unit 2 terms-definition Flashcards Quizlet. Quizlet.com DA: 11 PA: 50 MOZ Rank: 61. Gaspee Affair The Gaspee Affiar was when the HMS Gaspee ran aground in the harbor now know as Gaspee Point near Warwick, Rhode Island, and was boarded, attacked, stolen from, and lit on fireby a group of people led by Abraham Whipple and John Brown in of this transaction, is too obvious, to pass over with the least ap-1't Providence Gazette, June 13, 1772. It seems that the Gaspee did not have aboard her regular pilot, one Daggett, who at the time of the Gaspee's ill-fated run was on board the Beaver sloop of war in Newport harbor. Ibid WARWICK, R.I. (WPRI) — The Gaspee Days parade in Warwick is set to go on as scheduled in June, according to a post on Facebook by the committee.. The season will begin with the parade in June.

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Summary Of The Gaspee Affair The Joseph Bucklin Societ

AP US History - APUSH terms, treaties, acts, louisiana

What's the Importance of the Gaspee Affair

The Gaspee Project. January 14 at 12:21 PM ·. The Conservative Action Project just released a Memo Cruz, Hawley, Brooks, & colleagues follow the Constitution. We condemn the violent actions at the US Capitol, but the actions of 8 Senators & 139 Reps to object is in the Constitution The Gaspee Affair was a significant event in the lead-up to the American Revolution. The Gaspee a British costoms ship ran aground in shallow water on June 9, 1772, near what is now known as Gaspee Point in the city of Warwick, Rhode Island, while chasing a nother boat The Gaspee was sent to Narragansett Bay in 1772 to enforce trade laws. The colonists were soon fed up with the Gaspee and its captain, Lt. William Dudingston, stopping ships and disrupting trade, especially after rum was seized from local merchant Jacob Greene, said Steven Park, who wrote a book about the affair Saturday is the 246th anniversary of the day a local ship captain lured the British schooner HMS Gaspee into shallow waters a few miles south of Providence, where it ran aground WBZ News 07:06 - 15H AGO. PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — Rhode Islanders feel slighted that Bostonians get all the glory for helping spark the American Revolution with the Boston Tea Party. After all.

PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — Rhode Island Republican gubernatorial candidate Allan Fung promoted his candidacy on an hourlong radio infomercial that's hosted by a lobbyist for the trucking industry, and campaign records reviewed by The Associated Press show he failed to report the donation of radio air time. The failure is likely to have violated campaign finance law, according to the good. by JENNIFER McDERMOTT, ASSOCIATED PRESS . Thursday, June 7th 2018. A A. In this 2015 photo, spectators watch as a replica of the HMS Gaspee is burned. (Gaspee Days Committee via AP Gaspee Incident (1771) one of only a few incidents between 1770-1773 to cause conflict a. British warship Gaspee ran aground near Providence, RI, pursuing smugglers. College Board, Advanced Placement Course Description: History -- United States, European History, College Entrance Examination Board, 199 APUSH-Chapter 5 Key Terms. Salutary Neglect Ends. Terms. Proclamation Act-1763. Writs of Assistance. Sugar Act. Vice-Admiralty Courts. Quartering Act. Stamp Act/ Stamp Act Congress. Declatory Act. Townshend Acts. Dickinson & Letters from a Pennsylvania Farmer. Circulatory Letter . Sons of Liberty. Gaspee Affair. Committees of Correspondence.

Chapter 5: Chapter Outline The following annotated chapter outline will help you review the major topics covered in this chapter. Instructions: Review the outline to recall events and their relationships as presented in the chapter. Retur AP U. S. History Test Review This material is intended to help you review the history of the United States as covered in this course. Each section is divided into units by time. Please don't lose this handout. Each unit is divided into the following sections: Things to Know. These are broad topics from the time period about which you should.

• Gaspee Incident - British ship burned - attempted to collect taxes • 1773: The Tea Act - reduces price to tea - gives England a monopoly • Boston Tea Party - dump tea into sea • 1774: The Intolerable Acts - to punish Boston • Boston Port Act - closes port Gaspee Incident (1771) one of only a few incidents between 1770-1773 to cause conflict a. British warship Gaspee ran aground near Providence, RI, pursuing smugglers. -- Ship was notorious for extorting smaller vessels and allowing men to steal cattle and cut fruit trees on local farms for firewood. b PLHS APUSH. Description. Road to Revolution. Total Cards. 32. Subject. History. Level. 11th Grade. Created. 01/03/2007. Click here to study/print these flashcards. Create your own flash cards! Sign up here. Additional History Flashcards . Cards Return to Set Details. Term. Cajuns An Act of War on the Eve of Revolution. A year and a half before the more famous Boston Tea Party, the Gaspee Affair marked the first blow struck for American independence. The American Revolution began on the night of 10 June 1772 in the waters of coastal Rhode Island. In a violent waterborne assault a group of angry watermen and Sons of.

Gaspee Affair

APUSH ID's Flashcards Quizle

  1. Folkways and a growing national character. Politics in the colonies - include royal/proprietary colonies, etc.; 2-house legislature, etc. Voting in the colonies - include restrictions, etc. Chapter 4. French and Indian War and ITS IMPACT (include: George Washington, Albany Plan of Union, Treaty of Paris, British vs. colonial views of the war
  2. His Majesty's armed schooner, the Gaspee, of eight guns, Lieut. Dudingston, accompanied by the Beaver, made their ap-pearance in the waters of Narragansett Bay, in March, 1772, on duties similar to those of the St. John and 'Liberty, to which allusion has been made, viz.: to prevent breaches of the revenue laws, and to stop the illicit.
  3. Gaspee incident, 1772 . Sending 4,000 troops to Boston, 1768 Boston Massacre, 1770 These are Essay questions from past APUSH Exams, so this as real as it is going to get. 1)Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military Progressive Era Sample Essay Question
  4. 10. To make the new government viable, the first Congress of the United States did all of the following EXCEPT. a. Organize a federal court system under the Supreme Court. b. Draft a bill of rights and send it to all the states for ratification. c. Pass a tariff for the purpose of raising revenue. d
A More Perfect Union - APUSH

APUSH 1763-1775 Flashcards Quizle

  1. The real first shot of the American Revolution may have been fired at the HMS Gaspee, a British customs schooner, on Narragansett Bay in 1772 rather than on Lexington Green in 1775. By June 9, 1772, the Gaspee's crew had almost daily been boarding and searching colonists' vessels, even little packet boats, in search of smuggled goods.
  2. In June 1772, a colonial ship lured the Gaspee through shallow waters of Narragansett Bay where it ran aground and was subsequently burned by colonists. (Gaspee Days Committee via AP) AP Article.
  3. Amtrak/MBTA Station. 100 Gaspee Street. Providence, RI 02903. Train Station - Station Building (with waiting room) Directions. Amtrak Maps. Located at the base of the statehouse grounds, the current station, opened in 1986, is the city's third major passenger rail facility. An elegant, shallow dome hovers over the waiting room
  4. Friday - George W. Bush and Barack Obama (partial) Monday, April 27 - Finish the Obama presidency and begin reviewing for the AP Exam. Tuesday, April 28 - Thursday, May 7 = AP EXAM REVIEW (8 full school days) Friday, May 8 = AP EXAM (8:00 a.m. in the field house
  5. g a New Government. 100. What resources began the conflict? - Beaver and other animal furs
  6. The Fries Rebellion (/ f r iː z /), also called Fries' Rebellion, the House Tax Rebellion, the Home Tax Rebellion and, in Deitsch, the Heesses-Wasser Uffschtand, was an armed tax revolt among Pennsylvania Dutch farmers between 1799 and 1800. It was the third of three tax-related rebellions in the 18th century United States, the earlier two being Shays' Rebellion (central and western.
  7. ate the lucrative colonial trade Gaspee 1772 •Colonists dressed as American Indians took over a british ship (known for catching smugglers) and set it on.

Burning of the Gaspee Summary, Significance, & Facts

The Gaspee Affair The HMS Gaspee, a British anti-smuggling ship was beached in Rhode Island and the Sons of Liberty set fire to the ship. May 10, 1773. The Tea Act Nghi Quach Timeline APUSH 5th Period. Revolutionary War (image by shepherd.edu) Revolutionary War. A. Fernandez APUSH Timeline. DMota APUSH timline. Revolution-Constitution-War. To provide our clients with Gaspee Alex Gabbard only inimitable work, we have hired dexterous essay writers. We have zero-tolerance for plagiarism, we provide full refund in this case. Get 20% Off . About the company. Why Do-My-Paper? Once you place your first order with us, this question won't arise anymore. Students stay with us for a long.

The Gaspée Affair III | As a native-Rhode Islander, I

Chapter. 1-6 Apush: Salvation Army, Town Meetings, Gaspee ..

The Burning of the HMS Gaspee and the Delaying of the American Revolution PETER C. MESSER ON 9 June 1772, in Narragansett Sound, the Royal Navy schooner Gaspee gave chase to the sloop Hannah, a ship suspected of carrying contraband goods. Near Namquit Point, south of the city of Providence, the Gaspee ran aground. Som Neither is the Gaspee, but the wrecks could provide a context for the area where the Gaspee was burned by patriots in 1772. The wrecks are completely exposed only during a moon low tide, which.

Gaspee Affair - Wikipedi

  1. A Rhode Island act of rebellion that was one of the precursors to the American Revolution is being turned into a virtual reality game
  2. June 10th: The British customs ship Gaspee runs ashore on Rhode Island, where it is boarded by locals and burned to the waterline. June 13th: Massachusetts governor Thomas Hutchinson declares that his salary with henceforth be collected from customs duties rather than the colonial assembly
  3. The Regulator Movement, also known as the Regulator Insurrection, War of Regulation, and War of the Regulation, was an uprising in Provincial North Carolina from 1766 to 1771 in which citizens took up arms against colonial officials, whom they viewed as corrupt. Though the rebellion did not change the power structure, some historians consider it a catalyst to the American Revolutionary War
  4. The King's schooner, Gaspee, was burnt down in 1772. Facebook/Gaspee Days While the rest of America celebrates Memorial Day and the unofficial start of summer, a small town in Rhode Island.
  5. AP U.S. History lectures covering Periods 1 through 3 with a set of Powerpoint slides, notes and challenge questions. The Slides and Notes are self-explanatory; the sheet of challenge questions is used throughout the lecture to stop and check for student understanding. Students can be given time t..
  6. Well, for starters, you need people. And as Gina Dooley knows, many assume everybody wants to show off so they willingly march for nothing. That's not the case. Dooley, chair of the Gaspee Days Committee, says there isn't much time to raise $35,000. If that goal isn't met, the parade planned for Saturday, June 12 won't happen. Colonial fife and drum units, bands and even unpaid.
  7. THE GASPEE PROJECT and the Illinois Opportunity Project filed a lawsuit in U.S. District Court for the District of Rhode Island Thursday alleging the enhanced-disclosure law requiring donors making independent expenditures to nonpartisan advocacy groups in support or opposition to a candidate to disclose addresses and places of employment violates free-speech and privacy rights

Gaspee Affair Dbq - 96 Words Internet Public Librar

America: 1763-1776. February 10, 1763: Treaty of Paris The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War in North America, granting the Britain control of all land to the east of the Mississippi River. Spring - Summer 1763: Pontiac's War Begins An Indian leader, Pontiac, led Ottawa Indians in attacks against British forts near the Great Lakes. PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) — Rhode Island has hired a new chief marketing officer after its embarrassing state tourism campaign included a video featuring a scene from Iceland. Lara Salamano begins July 11, signaling a fresh start to the state's efforts to tout its sandy beaches and other amenities and attract tourists and new businesses. Her credentials include two decades in New York as an. ahistory oftheeestruction of hisbritannicmajesty's schoonergaspee, innarragansettbay, 0:n-xmeloxhjtj^te,1772;accomp.vniedbythe corkespoxdexcecoxxectfdtherewith.

A Compromise Repudiated Gaspee Incident Google please The

Rhode Islanders feel slighted that Bostonians get all the glory for helping spark the American Revolution with the Boston Tea Party. After all, more than a year before any tea was tossed, Rhode. GASPEE DAYS Mr. WHITEHOUSE. Madam Presi-dent, I come to the Senate floor every year around this time to discuss an im-portant incident in the history of Rhode Island largely overlooked in the history books, certainly overlooked in consequence to its importance. We have to understand that we Rhode Islanders have always had a prett AP US History Timeline 1600s and 1700s. Travel Details: 1670 1675-76 1676 1680s 1681 1688 1689-91 1692 VA Colony founded - Jamestown Rolfe perfects Tobacco 1st Anglo-Powhatan War Ends First Africans Arrive in Jamestown House of Burgesses established Pilgrims sail to Plymouth Bay/Mayflower Compact VA becomes a Royal Colony Dutch found New Amsterdam Puritans found MA Bay Colony MD Colony founde